- WHO has recommended that Pakistan, Cameroon and Syrian Arab Republic declare interruption of the transmission of poliovirus as a national public health emergency since these countries posed the greatest risk of spreading wild poliovirus in 2014.
- It issued them Temporary Recommendations under the International Health Regulations (IHR), 2005, to reduce the international spread of wild poliovirus, effective May 5, 2014.
- These countries should ensure that all residents, long-term visitors receive a dose of Oral Polio Vaccination (OPV) or inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) between 4 weeks and 12 months prior to international travel as adult travellers contributed to the spread of this virus.
- WHO also declared the international spread of wild poliovirus a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
- Read at: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-international/who-sounds-alert-on-polio/article5980522.ece
- Oral Polio Vaccination (OPV)
- Injectable poliovirus vaccine (IPV)
- International Health Regulations (IHR) 2005