What is Net Neutrality?

  • Net neutrality is an idea derived from how telephone lines have worked since the beginning of the 20th century.
  • In case of a telephone line, you can dial any number and connect to it.
  • It does not matter if you are calling from operator A to operator B.
  • It doesn't matter if you are calling a restaurant or a drug dealer.
  • The operators neither block the access to a number nor deliberately delay connection to a particular number, unless forced by the law.
  • Most of the countries have rules that ask telecom operators to provide an unfiltered and unrestricted phone service.
  • When the internet started to take off in 1980s and 1990s, there were no specific rules that asked that internet service providers (ISPs) should follow the same principle.
  • Mostly because telecom operators were also ISPs, they adhered to the same principle.┬áThis principle is known as net neutrality.
  • An ISP does not control the traffic that passes its servers.
  • When a web user connects to a website or web service, he or she gets the same speed.
  • Data rate for Youtube videos and Facebook photos is theoretically same.
  • Users can access any legal website or web service without any interference from an ISP.