What is Malaria and What is Heme?

  • Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused in humans by the protozaon Plasmodium, and is spread through the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito. It is endemic in many regions of Africa, and 80% of the deaths happen in children.
  • Symptoms include, high fever, chills, head ache, sweats, tiredness, nausea, fatigue, joint pain, haemoglobin in the urine and progressively leads to coma and death.
  • If diagnosed early, it can be treated and the complications arising from it can be controlled.
  • Heme:It an important constituent of the protein ‘Haemoglobin’ that is present in the blood and helps in the transport of respiratory gases to the different cells of the organism.