What is 13th Amendment?

  • The Thirteenth Amendment (13A) to the Constitution of Sri Lanka is based on the Indo­ Sri Lanka Accord which was signed between the Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Sri Lankan President H.R. Jayewardene, which incorporated the devolution of powers to the Tamil majority north and east.
  • However, the then President J R Jayewardene’s government, decided to set up 9 provincial councils for the entire Island ­Nation in order to scuttle the mounting opposition to devolution of powers to Tamil areas.
  • The amendment aims at creating Provincial Councils in Sri Lanka and enables Sinhalese and Tamil as national languages while preserving English as the link language.