What are the land disputes between China and Japan?

  • The Senkaku Islands dispute concerns a territorial dispute over a group of uninhabited islands known as the Senkaku Islands in Japan, the Diaoyu in China, and Tiaoyutai Islands in Taiwan.
  • Aside from a 1945 to 1972 period of administration by the United States, the archipelago has been controlled by Japan since 1895.
  • The People's Republic of China (PRC) disputed the proposed US handover of authority to Japan in 1971 and has asserted its claims to the islands since that time. Taiwan (Republic of China) also claims the islands.
  • The territory is close to key shipping lanes and rich fishing grounds, and there may be oil reserves in the area.