Red Sander a smuggling issue in limelight

  • Police and Forest department personnel seized a truck load of red sanders which is worth Rs 5cr.
    • What is Red Sanders?
      • Pterocarpus santalinus, with the common names Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, and Saunderswood, is a species of Pterocarpus endemic to the southern Eastern Ghats mountain range of South India. This tree is valued for the rich red color of its wood. The wood is not aromatic. The tree is not to be confused with the aromatic Santalum Sandalwood trees that grow natively in South India.
  • Pterocarpus santalinus is listed as an Endangered species by the IUCN, because of overexploitation for its timber in South India.
    • What is International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)?
      • It is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It is involved in data gathering and analysis, research, field projects, advocacy, lobbying and education. IUCN's mission is to "influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable.”
      • Species are classified by the IUCN Red List into nine groups,set through criteria such as rate of decline, population size, area of geographic distribution, and degree of population and distribution fragmentation.
    • Extinct (EX) – No known individuals remaining.
    • Extinct in the wild (EW) – Known only to survive in captivity, or as a naturalized population outside its historic range.
      • Critically endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
      • Endangered (EN) – High risk of extinction in the wild.
      • Vulnerable (VU) – High risk of endangerment in the wild.
      • Near threatened (NT) – Likely to become endangered in the near future.
      • Least concern (LC) – Lowest risk. Does not qualify for a more at risk category.
    • Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.extinction.
      • Data deficient (DD) – Not enough data to make an assessment of its risk of
      • Not evaluated (NE) – Has not yet been evaluated against the criteria.
      • When discussing the IUCN Red List, the official term "threatened" is a grouping of three categories: Critically Endangered, Endangered, and Vulnerable.