PIB (2nd, 3rd and 4th – Jan, 2016)

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103 Rd Indian Science Congress Begins In Mysore

Theme at the 103rd edition of Indian Science Congress is “Science & Technology for Indigenous Development in India,”

Aims of ISC:

  • To advance and promote the cause of science in India
  • To hold an annual congress at a suitable place in India
  • To publish such proceedings, journals, transactions and other publications as may be considered desirable.
  • To secure and manage funds and endowments for the promotion of Science inlcuding the rights of disposing of or selling all or any portion of the properties of the Association.
  • To do and perform any or all other acts, matters and things as are conductive to, or incidental to, or necessary for, the above objects.

Composite Regional Centre - Andhra Pradesh, at Nellore

The CRC-Nellore, will serve the following objectives and mandates:

  1. To serve as resource centre for rehabilitation and special education of PwDs.(Persons with disabilities).
  2. To establish linkages with existing medical, educational and employment services, following the principles of community-based rehabilitation and offer extension services in the rural areas.
  3. To stimulate growth of services and delivery of services by encouraging the supporting voluntary organization, parent groups and self-help groups and other functionaries in Government and non-Government sector, required for providing services to persons with disabilities.
  4. To undertake research and development with specific reference to needs of diverse groups of people with disability, keeping in view the nature and severity of disability in the region.
  5. To undertake designing, fabrication and fitment of aids and appliances.
  • It will be under the administrative control of National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped, Secunderabad - a National Institute under the Department of Empowerment of persons with Disabilities(DEPwD), Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

The Government’s initiatives for employment generation

1)Make in India

  • Make in India is an initiative of the Government of India to encourage multinational, as well as domestic, companies to manufacture their products in India.

The major objective behind the initiative is:

  1. To focus on job creation and skill enhancement in twenty-five sectors of the economy.
  2. To attract capital and technological investment in India.
  • The initiative also aims at high quality standards and minimising the impact on the environment.

Some steps taken by government in this direction:

Some of the early achievements:

  • Between September 2014 and November 2015, the government received 20 lakh crore (US$18 billion) worth of proposals from companies interested in manufacturing electronics in India.
  • 8% of smartphones shipped in the country in the April–June quarter of 2015 were made in India, up from 19.9% the previous quarter.

2)SKILL INDIA:

  • Skill India is an initiative of the Government of India.
  • Aims to train over 40 crore people in India in different skills by 2022
  • The initiatives include
  1. National Skill Development Mission
  2. National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015
  3. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme and
  4. The Skill Loan scheme.

(Source URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skill_India)

3)Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY):

  • PMMY under the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) Bank is a new institution being set up by Government of India for development and refinancing activities relating to micro units.
  • The purpose of MUDRA is to provide funding to the non corporate small business sector.

Objectives:

Under the scheme, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana three categories of interventions has been named which includes

  1. Shishu :- Loan up to ₹50,000 (US$750)
  2. Kishore :- Loan ranging from ₹50,000 (US$750) to ₹5 lakh (US$7,500)
  3. Tarun :- Loan above ₹5 lakh (US$7,500) and below ₹10 lakh (US$15,000)

These three categories will signify the growth, development and funding needs of the beneficiaries as well as it will assure the loan amount to be allotted by Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Bank

(Source URL: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pradhan_Mantri_Mudra_Yojana)

Finance minister at pre-Budget consultations

FM said the Key challenges faced by the Indian agriculture are:

  1. The need to increase productivity by leveraging technology-especially for high yielding and resistant variety seeds
  2. Efficient utilization of water
  3. Adaption of latest IT to increase resilience to nature
  4. To increase the price benefits to the farmer by providing timely market information.

He says these problems can be addressed by :

  1. Revisiting the incentive structure of farming
  2. Use latest technology to raise productivity
  3. Reduce wastages and enhance earnings as well as to improve marketing of farm produce.

The Pre Budget Consultative Meeting with the representatives of Agriculture Groups

Major suggestions include:

  • Micro Irrigation System be given infrastructure lending status.
  • Food exports may be taxed rather than banned and funds collected there from be spent for improving irrigation system.
  • It was suggested to set-up National Institute for Agriculture Market Intelligence
  • Introduction of agriculture index and satellite survey every month.
  • Data received though survey be shared with farmers so that they can take a decision about sowing of a particular crop as well as its marketing etc.
  • Maximum retail price (MRP) be fixed for different types of fertilizers.
  • Cost of urea be increased while NPK prices be decreased for balanced use of fertilizers
  • Direct transfer of fertilizer subsidy to farmers.
  • Introduction of Price Deficiency Payment System.
  • 100% funding by Central Government to control food and mouth disease among the livestock.
  • Subsidy to farmers through Government agencies for setting-up solar system.
  • Subsidy on herbicides.
  • Setting-up warehousing facilities in the rural areas so that farmers can store their produce and there by avoid distress sale by them.
  • Provision of three phase electricity and drip irrigation system.
  • To create awareness among farmers about crop insurance and timely settlement of their claims.
  • Promoting investment for having better quality seeds.
  • Higher investment in agriculture research and development.
  • Creation of market platform for agro products.
  • Expansion of price stabilization fund.
  • Rubber to be considered as a agriculture commodity.
  • To create a buffer stock of pulses and edible oils etc as international commodities prices are historically low.
  • Setting-up of Special Commission for irrigation to improve dry land farming.
  • Green Revolution to be taken to North East.
  • All those given employment under MGNREGA programme should be registered under Panchayats and made available for agriculture among others.

UDAY SCHEME:

UDAY :Ujwal Discom Assurance Yojana.

Aim:To improve financial and operational efficiencies of power distribution companies (DISCOMs).

  • It envisages to reduce interest burden, cost of power and AT&C losses.
  • DISCOM would become sustainable to supply adequate and reliable power enabling 24x7 power supply.
  • The scheme provides that States would take over 75% debt of Discoms, as on 30th September, 2015 in two years.

What are the incentives provided by UDAY scheme to state to take over debts?

  • Taking over of DISCOM debt by the States outside the fiscal deficit limits;
  • Reduction in the cost of power through various measures such as coal linkage rationalization, liberal coal swaps, coal price rationalization, correction in coal grade slippage, allocation of coal linkages at notified prices;
  • Priority/additional funding through schemes of MoP & MNRE; and, reduction in interest burden.

 

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