Oxford archaeologists unravel the past of Pattanam

  • Oxford archaeologists working at Pattanam (25 km north of Kochi) confirmed that it was an Indian port frequented by Romans.
  • The UK team will very soon discover why Pattanam was chosen to create a major trading facility and how the flourishing city disappeared.
  • Pattanam has been identified as part of the lost port town of Muziris described in ancient Tamil and Roman texts.
  • Dating back to 10th century BCE it has a history of habitation and trade links with Rome which peaked between 1st century BCE and 4th century CE.
  • Pattanam was a part of river delta and the presence of sand bars and islands may have contributed to its growth as a trading post.
  • The Kerala Council for Historical Research (KCHR) since 2007,signed a memorandum of understanding(MOU) with the School of Archaeology, University of Oxford, in 2010.
  • The UK experts will use airborne surveying techniques like LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) to map and understand the surface characteristics.
  • They aim to contextualise the excavations and study using data gathered from fieldwork and aerial surveys.the formation of the landscape and geomorphological features of the settlement.
  • Impression of witnessing fierce monsoon rains in the past and the landscape was considerably volatile.
  • To study the relationship between two important powers in the world (India and Rome) then is a critical process but there are rich evidence to show considerable exchange.

Exams Perspective:

  1. LIDAR (Light Detection and Ranging)
  2. Memorandum of Understanding (MOU)
  3. Pattanam Excavations