- One million children aged below 15 years are annually diseased with tuberculosis worldwide.
- The new estimates are twice the number of children having tuberculosis in 2010 and thrice more than who were actually diagnosed. The study estimated 32,000 children diseased with multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB)— in 2010.
- Accordingly the smear microscopy misses more children than adults.
- India with a huge population below 15 years, there is a possibility of more children being missed out.
- In India the number of new TB cases are around 2.3 million a year, which could be underestimated.
- Reliable estimates of drug-sensitive and drug-resistant TB are essential, prioritising government’s efforts to diagnose and treat more children with TB.
- The study used the data of 97 studies accounting for 8,000 children who had undergone drug-susceptibility testing. The data primarily used to establish the relationship between the naive adults and children with MDR-TB treatment without estimating the total number of those with TB.
- The study found the risk of MDR-TB was nearly identical in both children and adults who were never treated before.
- Multi Drug-Resistant (MDR TB)