Nasa Lab Creates a New State of Matter

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  • NASA’s Cold Atom Laboratory (CAL) mission was successful in producing a state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate
  • This is a step forward for the instrument leading up to its debut on the International Space Station in late 2016
  • An Indian-American Anita Sengupta played a key role in the entry, descent and landing of Curiosity on Mars in August 2012
  • As per NASA Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) is a collection of atoms in a dilute gas that have been lowered to extremely cold temperatures and all occupy the same quantum state, in which all of the atoms have the same energy levels
  • During critical temperature the atoms begin to coalesce, overlap and become synchronized like dancers in a chorus line. The resulting condensate is a new state of matter that behaves like a giant — by atomic standards — wave
  • CAL’s ground testbed is the coolest spot at Nasa’s Jet propulsion laboratory and the scientist further said “Achieving Bose-Einstein condensation in our prototype hardware is a crucial step for the mission”
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