Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

  • MGNREGA is an Indian law that aims to guarantee the 'right to work' and ensure livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work.
  • The statute is hailed by the government as "the largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world" .
  • A few schemes launched by the government are like Jawahar Rozgar Yojana, Employment Assurance Scheme, Food for Work Programme, Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana and Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana are the forerunners to Mahatma Gandhi NREGA.