Literacy Rate Increases 10% in a Decade: Census

  • India has an effective literacy rate (among people aged 7 and above) of 74%.
  • This is a  marked improvement from 2001, when the rate was just 64.84%, according to Census 2011 data released on Friday .
  • In rural areas, the rate is 68% while in urban areas it is 84%.
  • More than 38.42% of the 24.88 crore households in the country have at least four literate members above the age of seven.
  • But there are also 2.42 crore households (9.74%) which don't have even one literate member.
  • In 2001, 35.28% of households had at least four literate members and 14.4% had none.
  • Overall, literacy has gone up due to schemes like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and higher enrolment in schools in the last 10 years.
  • Prior to this, many did not have a chance to enter a school, especially in remote areas.
  • Households without even a single literate member must be in tribal areas and among migrant labourers.
  • Unicef child protection specialist R Vidyasagar said:In these areas, not many are aware of schools and there are no schools for the younger ones to join.
  • While the rural house holds without any literate member must be in isolated areas like mountainous regions.
  • In urban areas they consist of migrant labourers working in brick kilns and at construction sites.
  • Among the big states, Bihar has the maximum number of households without a single literate member -33.59 lakh (17.79%) households.
  • While Kerala, the most literate state in the country, has the least number of such households -1.21 lakh or 1.5% of the total household in the state.