Land Act Amendment Widens Scope of Relief

  • The Cabinet amended the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013.
  • Under the 2013 Act, compensations were hiked up to four times and twice the market value in rural areas and urban areas, respectively.
  • The 2013 law had also required consent from 70 per cent of the affected land owners in case of their lands being acquired for a public private partnership (PPP) project.
  • If the acquisition was meant for private companies, consent from 80 per cent of the affected owners was required.
  • The provision also mandated a Social Impact Assessment survey to be held along with the process of getting the families' consent.
  • The Act said its objective was to transform the process of land acquisition into a “humane, participative, informed and transparent” process.
  • Section 105 of the existing Act has been amended to include 13 statutes previously exempted from the rigours of payment of compensation.
  • The 13 statutes vis- a- vis (i) Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958(ii) Atomic Energy Act 1962(iii) Indian Tramways Act 1886(iv) Land Acquisition Act 1885(v) Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act 1978(vi) National Highways Act 1956(vii) Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act, 1948(viii) Coal Bearing Areas Acquisition and Development Act 1957(ix) Electricity Act 2003 (x) Railways Act 1989(xi) Damodar Valley Corporation Act 1948(xii) Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines Act 1962
  • The government said the amendment has brought a large percentage of farmers and affected families  higher compensation and resettlement and rehabilitation measures prescribed under the 2013 Act.
  • The present amendments bring all those exempted 13 Acts under the purview of this Act for the purpose of compensation as well as rehabilitation and resettlement.