India 6th worst terror-hit country

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  • India was the sixth worst-affected country by terrorism in 2013 -the other five being war zones at present.
  • This came out in the Global Terrorism Index 2014 report which also said that the number of deaths from terrorism increased by 61% between 2012 and 2013.
  • There were nearly 10,000 terrorist attacks in 2013, a 44% increase from the previous year,but India witnessed a much higher increase of terrorist attacks during the same period
  • Terrorism increased by 70% in India from 2012 to 2013, the number of deaths increased from 238 to 404.
  • The report said that in India there remains significant terrorist activity including on the border between India and Pakistan.
  • As many as 43 different terrorist groups were found to be operational in India and were categorized into three groups: Islamists, separatists and communists.
  • They were found to have planned and carried out attacks.
  • Over 80% of the deaths from terrorist incidents in 2013 were recorded in just five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.
  • On a scale of one (low est impact of terrorism) to 10 (highest risk of terrorism) -Iraq which has emerged as the world's worst-affected country with terrorism is the only entry with a score of 10.
  • India had a score of 7.86.
  • The largest year-on-year increase in deaths from terrorism was recorded between 2012 and 2013 increasing from 11,133 to 17,958.
  • The number of countries experiencing over 50 deaths in one year hit an alltime high in 2013 at 24, five greater than the previous high of 19 countries in 2008.
  • About India, the Index said:The number of attacks increased with 55 more attacks in 2013 than 2012.but the majority of terrorist attacks in India have low casualties.
  • In 2013 around 70% of attacks were non-lethal.
  • Communist terrorist groups are by far the most frequent perpetrators and the main cause of deaths in India.
  • Three Maoist communist groups claimed responsibility for 192 deaths in 2013, which was nearly half of all deaths from terrorism in India.
  • Police are overwhelmingly the biggest targets of Maoists, accounting for half of all deaths and injuries.
  • This is mainly through armed assaults, which killed 85, and bombings and explosions, which killed 43.
  • The dispute with Pakistan over Jammu & Kashmir is the source of Islamic terrorism in India.
  • In 2013 three Islamist groups were responsible for around 15% of deaths in India.
  • This includes Hizbul Mujahideen which was the only group in India to use suicide tactics in 2013.
  • Islamist groups in India commonly use armed assaults targeting the police or bombings targeting private citizens.
  • The majority of attacks occur in Hyderabad and Jammu & Kashmir.
  • Globally, four terrorist groups -al-Qaida, Boko Haram, ISIS and the Taliban were responsible for 66% of all deaths from terrorist attacks in 2013 in which the perpetrator was known.
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