Excavation at Harappan Site Reveals House Plan on the Ganga-Yamuna Doab

  • Excavation conducted by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) at the late-Harappan site of Chandayan in Uttar Pradesh has, for the first time, revealed the plan of a house on the Ganga-Yamuna doab, with its mud walls, four successive floor levels and post-holes.
  • These were found in the habitation area.
  • Trenches laid in the burial area brought to light 21 Harappan pots, the remains of a skeleton, a broken copper crown placed on the skull, animal bones and remains of a feast, indicating a funeral ceremony.
  • A.K. Pandey, Superintending Archaeologist, Excavation Branch-II, ASI, who led the excavation at Chandayan in Baraut tehsil of Baghpat district said: It was a salvage excavation meant to know the site’s cultural sequence.
  • He decided to conduct the excavation after labourers digging farmland to collect clay found the crown placed on the skull, a red-ware bowl and a miniature pot last August.
  • The ASI excavated five trenches in December, each of 10x10 metres, with two trenches in the habitation locality and three in the burial area.
  • Mr. Pandey estimated that the late-Harappan site could have existed before 4,000 years.
  • The excavation in the residential area revealed a mud wall and post-holes in one trench and four closely laid and successive floors of a house in another trench and pots.
  • They were found at a depth of 130 cm and upwards from the surface level.
  • Mr. Pandey said :The habitation area is significant for the floor levels, and mud walls were occurring in the Ganga-Yamuna doab for the first time
  • In the burial site, 150 metres from the residential area, excavations brought to light 21 pots, including deep bowls, dishes, flasks and lids with knobs and cylindrical agate beads.
  • Nearby were the skeleton’s femur and pelvis.
  • These, along with a broken copper crown, were found by labourers digging for clay.
  • The copper crown was embedded with carnelian and faience beads.
  • Mr. Pandey also added: The 21 pots might have contained cereals, milk, butter and honey used in the funeral ceremony,
  • Twenty metres from the skeleton, remains of animal sacrifice, other refuse and pots similar to those found in the habitation area were found, suggesting some religious ceremony during the funeral