The Modi Government on 01.01.2015 unveiled its ‘Bharatiya’ governance model in the resolution for setting up the NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog.
The resolution, approved by the Cabinet, reaffirms that India is a diverse country with distinct languages, faiths and cultural ecosystems.
Politically too, India has embraced a greater measure of pluralism which has reshaped the federal consensus.
“States do not want to be mere appendages of the Centre… They seek a decisive say in determining the architecture of economic growth and development.”
India no longer seeks the alleviation of poverty, states the resolution, but rather its elimination.
Poverty elimination remains one of the most important metrics by which alone we should measure our success as a nation.
The essence of effective governance is defined to include pro-people agenda, citizens’ participation, all-round women empowerment, equality of opportunity to the youth and transparency.
Inclusiveness with special attention to the socially and economically disadvantaged sections and minorities is also included in the scheme of effective governance.
The role of Government as a player in the industrial and service sectors is proposed to be reduced.
Instead, Government has to focus on enabling legislation, policy making and regulation.
India’s middle class, including the neo-middle class, is unique in terms of its size and purchasing power, says the resolution
The resolution also says that the Non-Resident Indian community spread across more than 200 countries is a significant geo-economic and geo-political strength. Future national policies must incorporate this strength in order to broaden their participation in the new India beyond just their financial support.
Urbanisation has to be viewed as an opportunity to use modern technology to create a wholesome and secure habitat while reaping the economic benefits that it offers, states the resolution.
Policy-making must focus on providing necessary support to the more than 50 million small businesses, which are a major source of employment creation, in terms of skill and knowledge upgrades and access to financial capital and relevant technology.