‘Bharatiya’ Governance Model Unveiled

  • The Modi Government on 01.01.2015 unveiled its ‘Bharatiya’ governance model in the resolution for setting up the NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog.
  • The resolution, approved by the Cabinet, reaffirms that India is a diverse country with distinct languages, faiths and cultural ecosystems.
  • Politically too, India has embraced a greater measure of pluralism which has reshaped the federal consensus.
  • “States do not want to be mere appendages of the Centre… They seek a decisive say in determining the architecture of economic growth and development.”
  • India no longer seeks the alleviation of poverty, states the resolution, but rather its elimination.
  • Poverty elimination remains one of the most important metrics by which alone we should measure our success as a nation.
  • The essence of effective governance is defined to include pro-people agenda, citizens’ participation, all-round women empowerment, equality of opportunity to the youth and transparency.
  • Inclusiveness with special attention to the socially and economically disadvantaged sections and minorities is also included in the scheme of effective governance.
  • The role of Government as a player in the industrial and service sectors is proposed to be reduced.
  • Instead, Government has to focus on enabling legislation, policy making and regulation.
  • India’s middle class, including the neo-middle class, is unique in terms of its size and purchasing power, says the resolution
  • The resolution also says that the Non-Resident Indian community spread across more than 200 countries is a significant geo-economic and geo-political strength. Future national policies must incorporate this strength in order to broaden their participation in the new India beyond just their financial support.
  • Urbanisation has to be viewed as an opportunity to use modern technology to create a wholesome and secure habitat while reaping the economic benefits that it offers, states the resolution.
  • Policy-making must focus on providing necessary support to the more than 50 million small businesses, which are a major source of employment creation, in terms of skill and knowledge upgrades and access to financial capital and relevant technology.