9.1 History of administration of tribal areas:
- Tribal policies, plans, programmes of tribal development and their implementation.
- The concept of PTGs (Primitive Tribal Groups), their distribution, special programmes for their development.
- Role of N.G.O.s in tribal development.
* Outline the historical background of tribal administration during the colonial period. Evaluate post-independence administrative policies with special reference to states under either the fifth schedule or sixth schedule of the Constitution of India. (L.Q – 2000)